Tea was introduced to Europe by means of Eastern colonies that became part of European empires. In 1516, the Portugese landed in China, bringing knowledge of tea back to Portugal. In 1610, the Dutch began bringing back tea from China as well.
It wasn't until the mid-1600s when England gained access to tea from China. In 1657, tea was first sold in England, at Garway's Coffee House in London. By 1705, The yearly importation of tea to England grew to approximately 800,000 pounds. However, many say that England's colonizing of India popularized tea even more, in the 1800s. By 1870, Twinings was a popular English tea brand. They had begun to blend for consistency.
Tea was introduced to Russia in the early 1600s. In 1618, a Chinese ambassadors presented Czar Alexis with several chests of tea. In 1900, the Trans-Siberian railroad made tea trading easier for Russians.
In 1710, the wealthier colonists began to develop a taste for tea, which eventually sparked a great deal of conflict in the late 1700s, when mother country England raised the taxes on tea.